Control overall calories uptake and balance multiple nutrition contents.
Maintain ideal blood sugar levels; reduce cardiovascular risk factors, such as abnormal blood fat and hypertension; provide diet with balanced nutrition contents; and maintain reasonable body weight.
Take more healthy carbohydrates, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and low-fat milk;
No more than 20g (2 spoons) oil or fat per day;
Limit food of high saturated fatty acids or cholesterol level, such as fatty meat or egg yolk, and less than 300mg cholesterol uptake per day;
Have 2-4 times of fish every week, but fried fish is not suggested;
Limit food of high calories and low nutrition contents.
Daily uptake of salt should be no more than 5-6g, especially for hypertension patients;
Both alcohol and tobacco use should be prevented, especially for pregnant women, children and adolescents.